La Réserve naturelle de Saint-Martin est une aire marine protégée de 30km2 située au nord-est de l’île de Saint-Martin. Créé en 1998, cet espace préserve les cinq principaux écosystèmes de l’île : récifs coralliens, mangroves, herbiers de phanérogames, étangs et forêt sèche littorale. La Réserve gère également les 14 étangs du Conservatoire du littoral et ses 11 km de rivages terrestres naturels.

Journal de la Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Martin

Le Journal de la Réserve

Newsletter 23 - 2015

Le Journal de la Réserve

Newsletter-23

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Aline Hanson, Présidente de la Collectivité de Saint-Martin

Aline Hanson
Présidente de la Collectivité de Saint-Martin

The importance that I attach to our natural environment is every bit as imperative as the challenges we face in the 21st century. I am pleased that I was able to address this subject during the Caribbean Climate Conference in Fort-de-France on May 9, 2015, with the president of France and the minister of the environment in the audience. On a national level, France is committed to the fight against climate change and by working together we can improve the current situation. Just as by working together locally, we can make sure our island is more beautiful, cleaner, and more welcoming. The Collectivité’s policy for environmental protection can only be effective if it is accompanied by small efforts made by every member of the population in terms of environmental protection. It is in this spirit that I would like to encourage the Réserve Naturelle in its daily work that favors the environment. Good governance of our natural resources is a precious tool in terms of our tourists, who appreciate that we provide them with exceptional protected sites where they can discover the natural heritage of our island. I would also like to congratulate the Réserve for leading the project for an institute dedicated to the conservation of our island’s biodiversity. This useful scientific tool —which is also educational and recreational— highlights the reasonable potential of exploitation of our natural resources and allows us to think about the challenges for the future of Saint Martin. In conclusion, just a simple message for everyone: Keep Saint Martin clean & green!

Le Journal de la Réserve

Better Knowledge About Protected Areas And Protected Species

L’équipe de Megara The Megara Team

After having initiated the first Megara mission to study humpback whales in the waters around Saint Martin and neighboring islands in March 2014, the Réserve Naturelle launched Megara 2015 on March 23, 2015, for 12 days dedicated to the observation and research of humpback whales. This study of marine mammals instituted by the Réserve, and more specifically the Megara missions in the Northern Islands, has proved that humpback whales are not simply migrating past our islands.

Renaud Dupuy de la Grandrive

Saint Martin and its Réserve Naturelle will be featured in the next book by Renaud Dupuy de la Grandrive, a photographer who specializes in marine and underwater images, and is also the director of the Protected Marine Zone of Cap d’Agde, an eco-tourism zone of 16,000 acres frequented by 250,000 tourists each year, or 10 times the number of local residents. He assisted the Réserve Naturelle during its second Megara mission, during which he took some beautiful photographs.

La campagne Pacotilles a travaillé depuis ce bateau | Pacotilles worked from this boat

From April 22 through June 1, 2015, Pacotilles set out to collect samples of coral, sponges, algae, and small shellfish in Martinique, Guadeloupe, and Saint Martin. The goal of this inventory is to improve our knowledge of biodiversity and the connectivity of benthos -the community of organisms that live on, in, or near the seabed- in the Lesser Antilles. This project was financed by the Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), the CNRS, and the Agency for Protected Marine Zones....

Managing The Impact Of Human Activities In Protected Areas

L’étang aux Poissons |  Fish Pond

The treatment of gray water in Saint Martin is not properly handled in certain sectors, and the Établissement des Eaux et de l’Assainissement (EEASM), along with the Collectivité, has put the construction of new water treatment plants at the top of its list of priorities. Two such stations, one in French Quarter and the other at La Savane, are under construction.

Babit Point : avant | Babit Point : before

The Conservatoire du Littoral made a promise, and has kept it: the house that stood in ruins and was an eyesore on the magnificent site of Babit Point has been destroyed. The next step will consist of closing off the property with a wooden fence in order to protect it, and define the boundaries.

La baie de l’Embouchure “Galion Beach”

Good news: the illegal occupation of government land in Saint Martin is negotiable, especially in comparison to the situation in Guadeloupe and in Martinique, where it must be noted, land belonging to the government is more abundant and widespread. That is the conclusion presented in the final report of a senatorial project intended to analyze the illegal occupation of government land in the French Caribbean territories.

Marine Nouhaud

An intern at the Réserve from January 5 to June 15, 2015, Marine Nouhaud is a 22 year-old master’s degree student in “Ecology and Dynamics Of Coastlines and Estuaries” at the University of La Rochelle. Her task was to update the atlas illustrating the sites in Saint Martin where sea turtles lay their eggs.

Tintamare mouillages | Moorings

The 17 mooring buoys placed at the disposition of boaters in front of the Bay Blanche Beach in Tintamare were all revised and replaced if necessary. These buoys are connected to their mooring blocks by a cord made of steel and nylon that should resist damage by propeller blades as well as attempted theft. At the same time, all of the moorings and buoys installed at various dive sites were also verified, repaired, and eventually replaced if need be.

Every year, Saint Martin hosts Fish Day, which is held the first Sunday in May at the embarcadero on Pinel island. The Réserve Naturelle facilitates the flow of numerous visitors by allowing vehicles to use the shortcut between the Etang de la Barrière and the Grandes Cayes road. This authorization is coordinated with the Collectivité, so that the impact on this natural milieu is as imperceptible as possible.

Police Activity

Pêche interdite à Caye Verte | No fishing at Green Cay

Caught by the Réserve Naturelle in the act of fishing in front of Green Cay in March 2015, a poacher that had been identified several times by witnesses spontaneously volunteered to do non-paid work on behalf of the Réserve. This proposition was noted in the report filed by Franck Roncuzzi, director of the police division for nature and logistics.

Pêche interdite à Pinel | No fishing at Pinel

In April 2015, alerted by a witness that two men equipped with harpoon guns were seen off the coast of Pinel, Franck Roncuzzi immediately set out by boat to the spot. There, he discovered three lobsters with holes from arrows but not the gun… and the two poachers denied any wrongdoing. Did the lobsters jump by themselves into the inflatable boat and impale themselves on a harpoon?

Restoration Of Degraded Areas And Populations

Acropora cervicornis

Do you know that you can propagate coral like you can propagate a plant? That’s how to create a coral nursery, with the goal of implanting young colonies on the coral reefs that are in bad health. Alizée Masson and Nicolas Oury, two interns at the Réserve Naturelle, were charged with creating the first coral nursery for Saint Martin.

Environmental Communication And Education

Le projet BioHab | The BioHab project

The Réserve de Saint-Martin was represented at the Sublimo-Driver colloquium, which took place on Embiez Island, April 24-27, 2015. Julien Chalifour presented the first results from the BioHab Project, concerning the implantation of light, artificial habitats, in the presence of international specialists for ecological marine reconstruction.

Thanks to 17 full-time contract employees of the EME, a professional workplace integration company -responsible for beach cleaning- Galion Beach got a good cleaning the day after the Easter holidays. To thank those who did such a good job within their territory, the Réserve invited them on a boat trip on April 24, allowing them to discover the various activities of the management tram at different key sites, such as Rocher Créole, Tintamare, and Pinel, as seen from the sea.

Agoa

In order to raise the general public’s awareness about the arrival of the first humpback whales of the season, the Réserve Naturelle organized a week of information sharing about these marine mammals from January 26-29, 2015. A conference at the Sandy Ground Cultural Center on January 28 was the highpoint of the week, led by Laurent Bouveret, president of the Marine Mammal Observatory for the Archipelago of Guadeloupe.

«Mon école, ma baleine» @ Anguilla

On May 4 and 5, 2015, an awareness program for 240 school children aged 10 to 12 in Anguilla taught them about the preservation of marine zones. The project was led by Amandine Vaslet and Dominique Noiré, co-directors of the Saint Martin-based association, «My School, My Whale».

Better Means For Better Missions

Le parking de la résidence Mont Vernon | The parking lot at Mont Vernon Residence

Most of the sites under the aegis of the Conservatoire du Littoral are clear of any commercial activity, but Saint Martin is the exception to the rule, in the sense that certain structures were already there when the land was attributed to the Conservatoire by the government. Pinel is a prime example.

Caroline Fleury
//

85 species of birds, 55 of which are protected, can be observed in Saint Martin, proving the island’s ornithological richness. Since the creation of the scientific division of the Réserve Naturelle in 2008, several species have been the object of a scientific study, which consists of regularly observing, taking an inventory, and counting these birds at specific sites.

Reinforcement On A Regional

Guillaume Escolar

As part of his training program, Guillaume Escolar, a 22 year-old intern at the Réserve Naturelle from February through August 2015, is especially interested in learning about the systems put in place on neighboring islands to monitor the state of coral and sea plants. He has already met with Tadzio Bervoets, director of the Sint Maarten Marine Park, and plans to meet with the managers of the protected marine zones in Saint Barthélemy, Anguilla, Saba, and Saint Eustatius.

BEST @ Saint-Barth

The European initiative, BEST, is moving forward rapidly. In the field, Romain Renoux, director of the regional cooperation and education division of the Réserve Naturelle, accompanied by Amandine Vaslet, employee of the SPAW-RAC, who coordinates the project with the Réserve, continues to consult with local contacts on different islands.

Mise à l’eau des caméras  Drowning of the cameras

The Réserve de Saint-Martin, which since 2014 has led the Project Negara study of lemon sharks, hosted a group of Dutch scientists working with the Marine Park of Sint Maarten, on April 21 and 22, 2015, along with Tadzio Bervoets, the Park director.

Un iguane des Petites Antilles | A Lesser Antillean green iguana

354 Lesser Antillean Green Iguanas were identified on March 22-28 in Martinique, on the small island of Chancel, with the participation of Julien Chalifour, director of the scientific division of the Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Martin, which is a member of a regional network.

Romain Renoux à bord de l’autogyre | Romain Renoux inside the gyroplane

Comme tous les ans depuis 2013, l’équipe du sanctuaire Agoa pour les mammifères marins dans les Antilles françaises s’est mobilisée à l’occasion de la Karujet 2015, au cours de laquelle plus de 60 jet-skis étaient lancés à pleine vitesse entre Petit-Bourg, Le Gosier, les Saintes, Saint-François et Marie- Galante, dans les eaux de la Guadeloupe.

RRencontre internationale à Sint Maarten|  International meeting in Sint Maarten

Saint Martin was the host for the first major transatlantic, trans-frontier event on the management of marine mammals!

L'Equipe

Nicolas Maslach

- Nicolas Maslach

Directeur et Conservateur de la RNN et représentant du Conservatoire du littoral

Romain Renoux

- Romain Renoux

Pôle "Coopération régionale et animation pédagogique"

Franck Roncuzzi

- Franck Roncuzzi

Responsable du pôle "Police de la Nature, administration et logistique" :
commissionnements faune / flore, circulation des véhicules terrestres à moteur

Julien Chalifour

- Julien Chalifour

Pôle "Missions et suivis scientifiques"

Christophe Joe

- Christophe Joe

Pôle "Police de la Nature et sensibilisation" :
commissionnement Conservatoire du littoral

Steeve Ruillet

- "Steeve Ruillet

Pôle "Police de la Nature et sensibilisation" :
commissionnements réserve naturelle terrestre, réserve naturelle marine, loi sur l’eau et Conservatoire du littoral

Amandine Vaslet

-Amandine Vaslet

Chargée de mission CAR-SPAW/ RNSM "
Projet Européen BEST"

Olivier Raynaud

Olivier Raynaud

Chargé de mission Foncier et Aménagement pour Saint Martin et Saint Barthélémy
Responsable d’antenne du Conservatoire du Littoral

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