La Réserve naturelle de Saint-Martin est une aire marine protégée de 30km2 située au nord-est de l’île de Saint-Martin. Créé en 1998, cet espace préserve les cinq principaux écosystèmes de l’île : récifs coralliens, mangroves, herbiers de phanérogames, étangs et forêt sèche littorale. La Réserve gère également les 14 étangs du Conservatoire du littoral et ses 11 km de rivages terrestres naturels.

Journal de la Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Martin

Le Journal de la Réserve

Journal 22 - 2015

Le Journal de la Réserve


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Toute l’équipe de la Réserve naturelle vous présente ses meilleurs voeux pour 2015 !

The entire staff of the Réserve Naturelle wishes you all the best for 2015 !

Edito Flavien Noailles - Assistant prosecutor Saint Martin / Saint Barthélemy

At first glance, many of you might wonder what a member of the public prosecutor’s office is doing writing the editorial for a magazine about the Réserve Naturelle of Saint Martin. On the surface, our functions are so very different, from sanctioning and punishing on the one hand, to protecting flora and fauna on the other, that one might actually wonder what we talk about when we meet. Yet, the same principles that govern their actions allow us to work together : respect for others, respect for our natural resources and the sites they represent, as well as listening and offering service as needed.

These are not just empty words. They are a reality that translates to day-to-day actions taken by Réserve Naturelle on a regular basis, and hopefully the effects are more long lasting than those of an ad that is forgotten as soon as it is published. For the ongoing observations of flora and fauna, the data collected and the scientific studies as well as informational campaigns, pedagogical tools, and the commitment of a very professional staff are among the pacifist weapons that contribute discretely and resolutely to changing the attitude that we should all display toward the island of Saint Martin.

Falvien Noaillies

If I am grateful that I was asked to write this editorial, it is also because it offers me the opportunity to show my support, other than by simply following up on the judicial issues confronted by the Réserve Naturelle. And finally, what is better than offering this support publicly.

I salute the Réserve Naturelle of Saint Martin as it continues its activities and strives to reach its primordial goal: to love teaching us about the natural heritage of Saint Martin. So here’s to your buoys, your cameras, your measurement instruments, your data, and your analytical software!

Le Journal de la Réserve

Better Knowledge About Protected Areas And Protected Species

End-of-year advisory committee meeting

The Réserve Naturelle’s advisory committee met on December 17, 2014 at the prefecture in order to, as its name indicates, offer advice on the proper governance and projects of the Réserve. Matthieu Doligez, secretary general of the prefecture, commended the work accomplished and underlined the financial support of the French government, reaffirming that the Réserve can count of their assistance for creation of the Biodiversity Institute. This project benefits from a financial agreement as...

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Le scinque apprécie les murets de Tintamare

There has been much talk lately about the skink, a lizard recently rediscovered on the small island of Tintamare, where they were thought to be extinct. On November 10-15, a team comprising six members of AEVA, an association in Guadeloupe, was financed by the French government to launch a study of the characteristics of this little lizard, which can also be found in La Désirade and the Petite Terre Islands of Guadeloupe. The goal of this group’s first mission is to decide if the skinks in...

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Taggage d’un requin citron . Tagging of a lemon shark

Project Negara, named after Negaprion, the scientific name for lemon sharks, was launched in July 2014 and continued on November 24-30, 2014. The study is still run by Océane Beaufort, a specialist of this large fish of the carcharhinidae family currently seen not far from our shores and in more frequent contact with swimmers. Financed by the government and TEMEUM, and coordinated by the Kap Natirel association in Guadeloupe, this part of the study consisted of testing a new technique for...

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Managing The Impact Of Human Activities In Protected Areas

Les Terres Basses inondées après Gonzalo © Association des propriétaires des Terres Basses

A foreseeable consequence of badly controlled construction is the overflowing of the ponds in Terre Basses following the strong rains on November 8, which caused severe flooding. It took several days for the situation to return to normal, as the water eventually flowed toward the sea. As owner of these ponds, the Conservatoire du Littoral should be consulted if the Homeowners Association of Terres Basses decides to do work to handle the evacuation of rainwater.

Urban planning: the...

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Cette maison en ruines sera détruite en 2015

After the acquisition of three pieces of land in 2013 at Babit Point, the Conservatoire completed amiable negotiations with the Association Syndicale Libre of Oyster Pond (ASLOP) in October 2014 to acquire the three remaining pieces of land that now make the Conservatoire the sole owner of the site. This acquisition serves as a guarantee for the residents of Oyster Pond that this beautiful landscape will remain natural and undeveloped. As part of the rejuvenation of the site, the ruins of a...

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Reconstruction de BioHab après le passage de Gonzalo

Gonzalo not only caused a lot of damage on the water, but also under the water as well. At a depth of 20 meters, the hurricane managed to displace the modules of cinder block that create the Bio- Hab artificial reef. A team from the Réserve did a dive once the water was clear enough to see how many of the modules had been disturbed or actually moved. This gave them an idea of the violent nature of the water during the storm and how it had such an impact at that depth. The damage was limited...

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Traces laissées dans le sable par une tortue venue pondre .

Turtle brigade of the Réserve presents its annual report. More than 653 patrols were reported on at least 10 beaches on the island, with 249 traces of sea turtles returning to the place they were born to lay their eggs. Yet this number is a little deceiving. 2014 was considered as “a year of the turtle” as the reproductive cycle for sea turtles hits a peak every two years. In 2012, 185 traces of egg laying were noted by 529 patrols, or almost as many traces yet many fewer patrols. In...

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Cette tortue a été victime d’un braconnier

Between March and November 2014, the Réserve Naturelle reported five sea turtles that had washed ashore on the island’s beaches. Two of these turtles had died due to collisions, one near Anse Marcel and the other near Orient Bay; two were killed by poachers in Grand-Case, and the fifth one, which measured 27 inches in length, was found on the beach in Orient Bay, apparently the victim of a natural death.

Débordement récurrent au niveau de ce regard (photo d’archives)

When conciliation doesn’t work…

In accord with the Conservatoire du Littoral and after an unfruitful attempt tentative at conciliation, the Réserve Naturelle decided to enforce a stricter strategy to ensure that commercial operations at Galion respect the regulations. As a result of controls by the agents of the Réserve last November, three out of four companies - The Butterfly Farm, the GM Education dog training center, and the PawSitive refuge - were not respecting the law and...

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Restoration Of Degraded Areas And Populations

Ces ruines sont appelées à disparaître

Since last August, the Conservatoire du Littoral has been the owner of a piece of land at Galion Bay, where a project is advancing to demolish a hotel that is ruins. Before demolition, an RFP will be issued in the first quarter of 2015 for the removal of asbestos in the various structures. The development of this site, which has an extensive ecosystem but it also very popular with the public, includes parking for a large number of vehicles without impacting the environment. Recreation and...

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Three coconut palms on Pinel and sadly the magnificent
filao that shaded the picnic tables on the
beach at Tintamare did not resist the high winds
that assaulted the islands during hurricane Gonzalo.
The trees were cut up and any branches that
posed a danger to the public on the beaches within
the Réserve were removed.

Beau travail de la pelle mécanique

Finally! Almost 20 years after it sank not far from the Coralita site, a sailboat damaged by hurricane Luis in September 1995 has been dismantled and transported to the eco-site at Grandes Cayes. It was necessary to wait for the death of the owner, who had been ordered by the court to remove his boat but didn’t have the means to do so, allowing the Conservatoire du Littoral to legally proceed in removing the remains of the vessel. With a hand from Verde SXM, the management company for the...

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Environmental Communication And Education

Le sentier était interdit avant les réparations

The discovery trail at the Etang de la Barrière in Cul-de- Sac suffered from the lashing winds of hurricane Gonzalo and several vertical panels of wood were found on the ground. Nothing too serious so the Conservatoire asked for an estimate and it will take one week of work before the trail is once again ready to welcome those who are curious enough to discover the numerous birds that visit the pond. The bird observation points at Lucas Bay and by the Etang du Cimetière in Grand Case were...

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Soon the Coralita whale observatory will be equipped with new pedagogical signage, as already installed by the Réserve’s staff at Pinel, Coralita, along the Sentier des Froussards, and along Etang de la Barrière and the Etang du Cimetière in Grand Case. Manufactured of a material more resistant to ultra-violet rays, these panels will last longer, yet they are more expensive. However this obstacle did not stop the Conservatoire, which feels that the investment will be amortized over time.

Better Means For Better Missions

Olivier Raynaud

Please welcome Olivier Raynaud to Saint Martin! The new head of land use and site development for the Saint Martin and St Barthélemy branch of the Conservatoire du Littoral has enthusiastically taken over the role of Béatrice Galdi. With a masters degree in public management of the environment and a specialist in the administration of new projects and protection initiatives, the CV of this young yet brilliant scientist is already seasoned having served in Martinique, Madagascar, Comoros, and...

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At Pinel, where motor boats - often with outboard motors - had a tendency to anchor as close to the shore as possible, swimmers can now enjoy the water in total safety, without worrying about propellers. With the help of buoys, the Réserve’s rangers have defined a safe swimming area 40 meters wide all along the beach. An access channel to the pontoon with the ferry dock is not open for swimming.

Reinforcement On A Regional

De gauche à droite : George Pau-Langevin, ministre de l’outre-mer ; Nicolas Maslach, directeur de la Réserve naturelle ; Jeanne Rogers-Vanterpool, conseillère territoriale, présidente de l’Office du tourisme; Ramona Connor, 2ème vice-présidente de la collectivité de Saint-Martin ; Ségolène Royal, ministre de l’environnement et Romain Renoux, en charge du pôle coopération régionale à la Réserve naturelle

The European Union, which comprises 9 Outermost Regions and 25 Overseas Countries and Territories worldwide, has placed the protection of its exceptional biodiversity at the top of its list of priorities, as seen in the creation of the BEST project, coordinated in the Caribbean by the SPAW RAC and the Réserve Naturelle of Saint Martin. The goal is to establish an inventory of the biodiversity and its challenges in terms of conservation in each of these European territories and to guarantee...

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Steno brendanensis © Laurent Bouveret - OMMAG

France’s Protected Areas Agency, managers of the Agoa marine mammal sanctuary, took advantage of the visit to Guadeloupe by French minister of the environment Ségolène Royal, and overseas minister George Pau-Langevin, to officially install the management council for Agoa at the offices of the National Park of Guadeloupe on October 22. Composed of 53 members who represent the diversity of Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy, this council will define and ensure the...

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Les participants à l’atelier sur l’évaluation économique des écosystèmes

Getting an estimate for the actual cost of building a cruise ship dock on a Caribbean island is one of the first steps, for example, in its construction. But what is the cost to the environment? What consequences, generally considered irreversible, would this new dock have for the eco-systems? On the coral? The beaches? This is one of the points that Romain Renoux and 19 other managers from a total of 15 Caribbean territories discussed in a workshop on the economic evaluation of eco-systems...

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Paysage australien

On November 12-19, 2014, In Sydney, Australia, the International Union For Conservation of Nature (IUCN) held the World Parks Congress. Held once every ten years it attracts the leading players involved in the protection of nature, with 6000 attendees from 70 countries, including Saint Martin, represented by Nicolas Maslach, in his role as a member of the board of the Forum of Protected Marine Areas, which financed his trip. The director of the Réserve spoke publicly on several occasions to...

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It was on the Ile d’Oléron, on October 15-17, 2014, that Romain Renoux and Franck Roncuzzi met with 50 other managers of protected marine areas—national parks, nature reserves, marine parks, Natura 2000 zones, Conservatoire du Littoral sites—during the 13th annual Forum for Protected Marine Areas, an informal network that these managers belong to. For them, it provides an opportunity to share mutual experiences as well as successful techniques, and discuss their difficulties. One issue is...

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Nicolas Maslach

- Nicolas Maslach

Directeur et Conservateur de la RNN et représentant du Conservatoire du littoral

Romain Renoux

- Romain Renoux

Pôle "Coopération régionale et animation pédagogique"

Franck Roncuzzi

- Franck Roncuzzi

Responsable du pôle "Police de la Nature, administration et logistique" :
commissionnements faune / flore, circulation des véhicules terrestres à moteur

Julien Chalifour

- Julien Chalifour

Pôle "Missions et suivis scientifiques"

Christophe Joe

- Christophe Joe

Pôle "Police de la Nature et sensibilisation" :
commissionnement Conservatoire du littoral

Steeve Ruillet

- "Steeve Ruillet

Pôle "Police de la Nature et sensibilisation" :
commissionnements réserve naturelle terrestre, réserve naturelle marine, loi sur l’eau et Conservatoire du littoral

Amandine Vaslet

-Amandine Vaslet

Chargée de mission CAR-SPAW/ RNSM "
Projet Européen BEST"

Olivier Raynaud

Olivier Raynaud

Chargé de mission Foncier et Aménagement pour Saint Martin et Saint Barthélémy
Responsable d’antenne du Conservatoire du Littoral

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